Back to Sound to Sea NCSOS Standards
Biology Program Goals and Objectives
For Biology and Earth/Environmental Science Courses
Grade Level 9-12

About the Sound to Sea Biology Program
All students will participate in the Barrier Island Ecology Course at the same time. Small groups of approximately twelve students together with a Sound to Sea instructor each start in a different habitat area and begin a rotation. This component introduces students to the five habitats (beach/ocean, maritime forest, freshwater pond, salt marsh, and sound/estuary), geological history, basic ecological concepts and general habitat study skills that are reinforced throughout the entire program. Sound to Sea instructors encourage exploration and present various ecological concepts (such as habitats, cycles, communities, populations, species, food webs, decomposition, etc.) as students discover concrete evidence that relates to that concept. As the groups explore each habitat, students observe the differences and make comparisons. The Habitat Study skills include: observation, measurement, data collection, and analysis and assessment of habitat conditions with respect to soil, air, water, wind, temperature, and human impact; and observation, identification, classification, mapping and representative sampling of species present within the habitat.

Sound to Sea Biology Program
Biology Goals and Objectives:

These objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Biology: Structure and Functions of Living Organisms
Essential Standard Bio.2.1 Analyze the interdependence of living organisms within their environments.

Clarifying Objectives
Bio.2.1.1 Analyze the flow of energy and cycling of matter (water, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen) through ecosystems relating the significance of each to maintaining the health and sustainability of an ecosystem.

Bio.2.1.2 Analyze the survival and reproductive success of organisms in terms of behavioral, structural, and reproductive adaptations.

Bio.2.1.3 Explain various ways organisms interact with each other (including predation, competition, parasitism, mutualism) and with their environments resulting in stability within ecosystems.

Bio.2.1.4 Explain why ecosystems can be relatively stable over hundreds or thousands of years, even though populations may fluctuate (emphasizing availability of food, availability of shelter, number of predators and disease).

Biology: Ecosystems
Essential Standard Bio.2.2 Understand the impact of human activities on the environment (one generation affects the next).

Clarifying Objectives
Bio.2.2.1 Infer how human activities (including population growth, pollution, global warming, burning of fossil fuels, habitat destruction and introduction of nonnative species) may impact the environment.

Bio.2.2.2 Explain how the use, protection and conservation of natural resources by humans impact the environment from one generation to the next.

Biology: Evolution and Genetics
Essential Standard Bio.3.5 Analyze how classification systems are developed based upon speciation.

Bio.3.5.1 Explain the historical development and changing nature of classification systems.

Bio.3.5.2 Analyze the classification of organisms according to their evolutionary relationships (including dichotomous keys and phylogenetic trees).

Sound to Sea Biology Program:
Earth/Environmental Science Goals and Objectives:

These Earth/Environmental Science objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Earth/Environmental Science: Easrth Systems, Structures and Processes
Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.2 Understand how human influences impact the lithosphere.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.2.1 Explain the consequences of human activities on the lithosphere (such as mining, deforestation, agriculture, overgrazing, urbanization, and land use) past and present.

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.3 Explain the structure and processes within the hydrosphere.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.3.1 Explain how water is an energy agent (currents and heat transfer)

EEn.2.3.2 Explain how ground water and surface water interact.

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.4 Evaluate how humans use water.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.4.1 Evaluate human influences on freshwater availability.

EEn.2.4.2 Evaluate human influences on water quality in North Carolina's river basins, wetlands and tidal environments.

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.5 Understand the structure of and processes within our atmosphere.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.5.1 Explain how human activities affect air quality.

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.6 Analyze patterns of global climate change over time.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.6.1 Differentiate between weather and climate.

EEn.2.6.2 Explain changes in global climate due to natural processes.

EEn.2.6.3 Analyze the impacts that human activities have on global climate change (such as burning hydrocarbons, greenhouse effect, and deforestation).

EEn.2.6.4 Attribute changes in Earth systems to global climate change (temperature change, changes in pH of ocean, sea level changes, etc.)

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.7 Explain how the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere individually and collectively affect the biosphere.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.7.1 Explain how abiotic and biotic factors interact to create the various biomes in North Carolina

EEn.2.7.2 Explain why biodiversity is important to the biosphere.

EEn.2.7.3 Explain how human activities impact the biosphere.

Earth/Environmental Science Essential Standard EEn.2.8 Evaluate human behaviors in terms of how likely they are to ensure the ability to live sustainably on Earth.

Clarifying Objectives
EEn.2.8.1 Evaluate alternative energy technologies for use in North Carolina.

EEn.2.8.2 Critique conventional and sustainable agriculture and aquaculture practices in terms of their environmental impacts.

EEn.2.8.3 Explain the effects of uncontrolled population growth on the Earth's resources.

EEn.2.8.4 Evaluate the concept of "reduce, reuse, recycle" in terms of impact on natural resources.

Health Education

Essential Standard 9.MEH.1

Create positive stress management strategies.

Clarifying Objectives

9.MEH.1.1 Identify the body's physical and psychological responses to stressful situations and positive coping mechanisms.

9.MEH.1.2 Plan effective methods to deal with anxiety.

Essential Standard 9.ICR.1

Understand healthy and effective interpersonal communication and relationships.

Clarifying Objectives

9.ICR.1.1 Illustrate the ability to respond to others with empathy.

9.ICR.1.2 Classify negotiation and collaboration skills as helpful or harmful in solving problems or resolving conflicts.

9.ICR.1.3 Illustrate strategies for resolving interpersonal conflict without harming self or others.


Essential Standard 9.MS.1

Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.9.MS.1.1 Use basic and advanced skills to participate proficiently in at least three of the following activities or compositions: aquatics, team sports, individual sports, dual sports, outdoor pursuits, self-defense, dance, or gymnastics.

PE.9.MS.1.2 Apply fundamental motor skills and complex skills needed to participate successfully in at least three lifetime activities.

Essential Standard 9.MC.2

Understand concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics that apply to the learning and performance of movement.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.9.MC.2.2 Use complex movement principles to evaluate and improve performance.

PE.9.MC.2.3 Generate complex movement concepts that can be used to refine learned skills and to acquire new advanced skills.

Essential Standard 9.HF.3

Understand the importance of achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Essential Standard 9.PR.4

Use behavioral strategies that are responsible and enhance respect of self and others and value activity.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.9.PR.4.1 Implement leadership skills to promote responsibility in self and others.

PE.9.PR.4.2 Select the most appropriate ways of responding and mediate to settle conflicts.

PE.9.PR.4.3 Explain the influence of physical activity on cultural competence and the development of self-awareness.

Essential Standard RED.SE.1

Understand the meaning and importance of personal responsibility and self-awareness.

Clarifying Objectives

RED.SE.1.1 Understand the importance of self-control and responsibility.

RED.SE.1.2 Identify ways of controlling behaviors associated with emotional states, feelings, and moods.

RED.SE.1.3 Contrast rights and responsibilities.

Essential Standard RED.SE.2

Understand the relationship between self and others in the broader world.

Clarifying Objectives

RED.SE.2.1 Identify ways of making and keeping friends.

RED.SE.2.2 Understand how to support positive relationship building (e.g., managing impulsivity, adaptability, and flexibility).

RED.SE.2.3 Contrast rights and responsibilities.

Essential Standard RED.SE.3

Use communication strategies effectively for a variety of purposes and audiences.

Clarifying Objectives

RED.SE.3.1 Use oral and written communication skills to share information with others.

RED.SE.3.2 Use non-verbal communication skills to share information with others.


Essential Standard RED.C.1

Use creative strategies to make decisions and solve problems.

Clarifying Objectives

RED.C.1.1 Identify problems that you have encountered or are likely to encounter.

RED.C.1.2 Identify creative strategies and non-creative strategies to make decisions and to solve problems.

Essential Standard RED.C.2

Use analytical strategies to better understand situations and make appropriate decisions.

Clarifying Objectives

RED.C.2.1 Identify situations from your daily life in terms of problems and solution strategies.

RED.C.2.2 Recognize situations in which peer pressure influences decisions.

Essential Standard 8.PCH.3

Analyze measures necessary to protect the environment.

Clarifying Objectives

8.PCH.3.1 Outline the potential health consequences of global environmental problems.

8.PCH.3.2 Explain the impact of personal behaviors on the environment, both positively and negatively.

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