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Biology Program Goals and Objectives
Grade Level 8

About the Biology Program
All students will participate in the Barrier Island Ecology Course at the same time. Small groups of approximately twelve students together with a Sound to Sea instructor each start in a different habitat area and begin a rotation. This component introduces students to the five habitats (beach/ocean, maritime forest, freshwater pond, salt marsh, and sound/estuary), geological history, basic ecological concepts and general habitat study skills that are reinforced throughout the entire program. Sound to Sea instructors encourage exploration and present various ecological concepts (such as habitats, cycles, communities, populations, species, food webs, decomposition, etc.) as students discover concrete evidence that relates to that concept. As the groups explore each habitat, students observe the differences and make comparisons. The Habitat Study skills include: observation, measurement, data collection, and analysis and assessment of habitat conditions with respect to soil, air, water, wind, temperature, and human impact; and observation, identification, classification, mapping and representative sampling of species present within the habitat.

Main Curriculum Area: Science
Other Curriculum Area: Health Education

Grade Level: 8

Primary Goals and Objectives:
These objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Essential Standard 8.P.2

Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing, and using energy resources.

Clarifying Objectives
8.P.2.1 Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming and distributing energy.

8.P.2.2 Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation.

Essential Standard 8.E.1 Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans.

Clarifying Objectives

8.E.1.1 Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including: • Water distribution on earth • Local river basins and water availability

8.E.1.2 Summarize evidence that Earth's oceans are a reservoir of nutrients, minerals, dissolved gases, and life forms: • Estuaries • Marine ecosystems • Upwelling • Behavior of gases in the marine environment • Value and sustainability of marine resources • Deep ocean technology and understandings gained

8.E.1.3 Predict the safety and potability of water supplies in North Carolina based on physical and biological factors, including: • Temperature • Dissolved oxygen • pH • Nitrates and phosphates • Turbidity • Bio-indicators

8.E.1.4 Conclude that the good health of humans requires: • Monitoring of the hydrosphere • Water quality standards • Methods of water treatment • Maintaining safe water quality • Stewardship

Essential Standard 8.L.3 Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment.

Clarifying Objectives

8.L.3.1 Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter and space affect populations in an ecosystem.

8.L.3.2 Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions including: • Coexistence and cooperation • Competition (predator/prey) • Parasitism • Mutualism

8.L.3.3 Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen).

Essential Standard 8.L.5

Understand the composition of various substances as it relates to their ability to serve as a source of energy and building materials for growth and repair of organisms.

Clarifying Objectives
8.L.5.1 Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms (to include plants).


Social Studies: Civics and Government

Essential Standards8.C&G.2.3

Explain the impact of human and civil rights issues throughout North Carolina and United States history.
Health Education

Essential Standard 8.MEH.1

Create positive stress management strategies.

Clarifying Objectives

8.MEH.1.1 Evaluate stress management strategies based on personal experience.

8.MEH.1.2 Design a plan to prevent stressors or manage the effects of stress.

8.MEH.1.3 Design effective methods to deal with anxiety.

Essential Standard 8.MEH.2

Evaluate how structured thinking (decision making, problem solving, goal setting) benefits emotional well-being.

Clarifying Objectives

8.MEH.2.1 Evaluate the uses of defense mechanisms in terms of whether they are healthy or unhealthy.

8.MEH.2.2 Critique personal use of structured thinking to enhance emotional well-being (based on appropriateness, effectiveness, and consistency).

Essential Standard 8.PCH.3

Analyze measures necessary to protect the environment.

Clarifying Objectives

8.PCH.3.1 Outline the potential health consequences of global environmental problems.

8.PCH.3.2 Explain the impact of personal behaviors on the environment, both positively and negatively.

Essential Standard 8.ICR.1

Understand healthy and effective interpersonal communication and relationships.

Clarifying Objectives

8.ICR.1.1 Contrast characteristics of healthy and unhealthy relationships for friendships and for dating.

8.ICR.1.2 Identify the reasons that people engage in violent behaviors (bullying, hazing, dating violence, sexual assault, family violence, verbal abuse) and resources for seeking help.

8.ICR.1.3 Explain the effects of tolerance and intolerance on individuals and society.

8.ICR.1.4 Illustrate communication skills that build and maintain healthy relationships.

8.ICR.1.5 Use decision-making strategies appropriate for responding to unknown people via the Internet, telephone, and face-to-face.

8.ICR.1.6 Recognize resources that can be used to deal with unhealthy relationships.

Essential Standard 8.MS.1

Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.8.MS.1.1 Execute proficiently some complex combinations of movements specific to game, sport, or physical activity settings in at least two of the following activities or compositions: aquatics, team sports, individual sports, dual sports, outdoor pursuits, self-defense, dance, or gymnastics.

PE.8.MS.1.2 Analyze fundamental motor skills and specialized skills that contribute to movement proficiency in small-sided game situations.

PE.8.MS.1.3 Apply basic strategies and tactics that contribute to successful participation.

Essential Standard 8.HF.3

Understand the importance of achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Essential Standard 8.MC.2

Understand concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics that apply to the learning and performance of movement.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.8.MC.2.3 Integrate strategies and tactics within game play.

PE.8.MC.2.4 Generate complex movement concepts that can be used to refine learned skills and to acquire new advanced skills.

Essential Standard 8.PR.4

Use behavioral strategies that are responsible and enhance respect of self and others and value activity.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.8.PR.4.1 Analyze a variety of settings and situations to determine appropriate safety, ethics, and the form of social interaction.

PE.8.PR.4.2 Exemplify well-developed cooperation skills to accomplish group goals in both cooperative and competitive situations.

PE.8.PR.4.3 Compare factors in different cultures that influence the choice of physical activity and nutrition.


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