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Biology Program Goals and Objectives
Grade Level 6

About the Biology Program
All students will participate in the Barrier Island Ecology Course at the same time. Small groups of approximately twelve students together with a Sound to Sea instructor each start in a different habitat area and begin a rotation. This component introduces students to the five habitats (beach/ocean, maritime forest, freshwater pond, salt marsh, and sound/estuary), geological history, basic ecological concepts and general habitat study skills that are reinforced throughout the entire program. Sound to Sea instructors encourage exploration and present various ecological concepts (such as habitats, cycles, communities, populations, species, food webs, decomposition, etc.) as students discover concrete evidence that relates to that concept. As the groups explore each habitat, students observe the differences and make comparisons. The Habitat Study skills include: observation, measurement, data collection, and analysis and assessment of habitat conditions with respect to soil, air, water, wind, temperature, and human impact; and observation, identification, classification, mapping and representative sampling of species present within the habitat.

Main Curriculum Area: Science
Other Curriculum Area: Health Education

Grade Level: 6

Primary Goals and Objectives:
These objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Essential Standard 6.L.1

Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce.

Clarifying Objectives
6.L.1.1 Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense.

6.L.1.2 Explain the significance of the processes of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms.

Essential Standard 6.L.2 Understand the flow of energy through ecosystems and the responses of populations to the biotic and abiotic factors in their environment.

Clarifying Objectives

6.L.2.1 Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs (terrestrial and aquatic) from producers to consumers to decomposers.

6.L.2.2 Explain how plants respond to external stimuli (including dormancy and forms of tropism) to enhance survival in an environment.

6.L.2.3 Summarize how the abiotic factors (such as temperature, water, sunlight, and soil quality) of biomes (freshwater, marine, forest, grasslands, desert, Tundra) affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis.

Health Education

Essential Standard 6.MEH.2

Analyze the potential outcome of positive stress management techniques.

Clarifying Objectives

6.MEH.2.1 Organize common responses to stressors based on the degree to which they are positive or negative and their likely health outcomes.

6.MEH.2.2 Differentiate between positive and negative stress management strategies.

Essential Standard 6.MEH.3

Analyze the relationship between healthy expression of emotions, mental health, and healthy behavior.

Clarifying Objectives

6.MEH.3.1 Interpret failure in terms of its potential for learning and growth.

6.MEH.3.2 Analyze the relationship between health-enhancing behaviors (communication, goal-setting and decision making) and the ability to cope with failure.

Essential Standard 6.PCH.3

Analyze measures necessary to protect the environment.

Clarifying Objectives

6.PCH.3.1 Differentiate between individual behaviors that can harm or help the environment.

6.PCH.3.2 Implement plans to work collaboratively to improve the environment.

Essential Standard 6.ICR.1

Understand healthy and effective interpersonal communication and relationships.

Clarifying Objectives

6.ICR.1.1 Classify behaviors as either productive or counterproductive to group functioning.

6.ICR.1.2 Implement verbal and non-verbal communication skills that are effective for a variety of purposes and audiences.

6.ICR.1.3Use strategies to communicate care, consideration, and respect for others.

Essential Standard 6.ICR.2

Apply strategies and skills for developing and maintaining healthy relationships.

Clarifying Objectives

6.ICR.2.3 Use effective refusal skills to avoid negative peer pressure, sexual behaviors, and sexual harassment.

6.ICR.2.4 Use resources in the family, school, and community to report sexual harassment and bullying.

6.ICR.2.5 Summarize strategies for predicting and avoiding conflict.

6.ICR.2.6 Design nonviolent solutions to conflicts based on an understanding of the perspectives of those involved in the conflicts.

6.ICR.2.7 Explain the signs of an abusive relationship and access resources for help.


Essential Standard 6.MS.1

Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Clarifying Objectives
Use some specialized skills that are refined and appropriate for modified game play.

PE.6.MS.1.2 Integrate locomotor and manipulative skills with a partner, in small-group, and in small-sided game situations.

PE.6.MS.1.2 Explain the importance of practice to improve skill level.

Essential Standard 6.MC.2

Understand concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics that apply to the learning and performance of movement.

Clarifying Objectives

6.MC.1 Apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance movement performance

6.MC.2 Explain when and why to use strategies and tactics within game play.

Essential Standard 6.HF.3

Understand the importance of achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Essential Standard 6.PR.4

Use behavioral strategies that are responsible and enhance respect of self and others and value activity.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.6.PR.4.1 Use appropriate strategies to seek greater independence from adults when completing assigned tasks.

PE.6.PR.4.2 Use well-developed cooperation skills to accomplish group goals in both cooperative and competitive situations.

PE.6.PR.4.3 Analyze conflicts that arise in competitive activities to determine the most appropriate ways of resolving the conflicts.

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