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Biology Program Goals and Objectives
Grade Level 5

About the Biology Program
All students will participate in the Barrier Island Ecology Course at the same time. Small groups of approximately twelve students together with a Sound to Sea instructor each start in a different habitat area and begin a rotation. This component introduces students to the five habitats (beach/ocean, maritime forest, freshwater pond, salt marsh, and sound/estuary), geological history, basic ecological concepts and general habitat study skills that are reinforced throughout the entire program. Sound to Sea instructors encourage exploration and present various ecological concepts (such as habitats, cycles, communities, populations, species, food webs, decomposition, etc.) as students discover concrete evidence that relates to that concept. As the groups explore each habitat, students observe the differences and make comparisons. The Habitat Study skills include: observation, measurement, data collection, and analysis and assessment of habitat conditions with respect to soil, air, water, wind, temperature, and human impact; and observation, identification, classification, mapping and representative sampling of species present within the habitat.

Main Curriculum Area: Science
Other Curriculum Area: Health Education

Grade Level: 5

Primary Goals and Objectives:
These objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Essential Standard 5.P.2

Understand the interactions of matter and energy and the changes that occur.

Clarifying Objectives
5.P.2.1 Explain how the sun's energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff).

Essential Standard 5.E.1

Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.

Clarifying Objectives
5.E.1.1 Compare daily and seasonal changes in weather conditions (including wind speed and direction, precipitation, and temperature) and patterns.

5.E.1.3 Explain how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.

Essential Standard 5.L.1

Understand how structures and systems of organisms (to include the human body) perform functions necessary for life.

Clarifying Objectives
5.L.1.2 Compare the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, muscular, skeletal, and cardiovascular) in terms of their functions necessary for life.

Essential Standard 5.L.2

Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem.

Clarifying Objectives
5.L.2.1 Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands.

5.L.2.2 Classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve: producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).

5.L.2.3 Infer the effects that may result from the interconnected relationship of plants and animals to their ecosystem.


Essential Standard 5.G.1

Understand how human activity has and continues to shape the United States.

Clarifying Objectives
5.G.1.2 Explain the positive and negative effects of human activity on the physical environment of the United States, past and present.

Essential Standard 5.E.2

Understand that personal choices result in benefits or consequences.

Health Education
Essential Standard 5.MEH.1 Apply positive stress management strategies

Clarifying Objectives
Implement positive stress management strategies.

5.MEH.1.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of stress management strategies.

Essential Standard 5.ICR.1

Understand healthy and effective interpersonal communication and relationships.

Clarifying Objectives
Illustrate the dangers of communicating with unknown individuals.

5.ICR.1.3 Explain the impact of stereotyping and discrimination on other people's self-respect and feelings.

5.ICR.1.4 Summarize how to solve problems and resolve conflict without avoidance or violence.

Essential Standard 5.MS.1 Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Clarifying Objectives
Execute combinations of more complex locomotor skills and manipulative skills specific to individual, dual, and team activities.

PE.5.MS.1.2 Use increasingly complex skills with power and accuracy.

PE.5.MS.1.3 Illustrate mature form in combining locomotor and manipulative skills for traditional and non- traditional activities.

PE.5.MS.1.4 Create movement sequences that are smooth and fluid and have several different rhythmic patterns.

Essential Standard 5.MC.2 Understand concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics that apply to the learning and performance of movement.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.5.MC.2.2 Evaluate movement and game skills in order to provide feedback that will lead to improvement.

Essential Standard 5.HF.3 Understand the importance of achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Clarifying Objectives

PE.5.HF.3.3 Select physical activities that develop/maintain each of the five components of health-related fitness.

Essential Standard 5.PR.4 Use behavioral strategies that are responsible and enhance respect of self and others and value activity.

Clarifying Objectives
Use self-control to work independently in developing responsibility and respect for self and others.

PE.5.PR.4.2 Use cooperation and communication skills to achieve common goals.



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