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Biology Program Goals and Objectives
Grade Level 2

About the Biology Program
All students will participate in the Barrier Island Ecology Course at the same time. Small groups of approximately twelve students together with a Sound to Sea instructor each start in a different habitat area and begin a rotation. This component introduces students to the five habitats (beach/ocean, maritime forest, freshwater pond, salt marsh, and sound/estuary), geological history, basic ecological concepts and general habitat study skills that are reinforced throughout the entire program. Sound to Sea instructors encourage exploration and present various ecological concepts (such as habitats, cycles, communities, populations, species, food webs, decomposition, etc.) as students discover concrete evidence that relates to that concept. As the groups explore each habitat, students observe the differences and make comparisons. The Habitat Study skills include: observation, measurement, data collection, and analysis and assessment of habitat conditions with respect to soil, air, water, wind, temperature, and human impact; and observation, identification, classification, mapping and representative sampling of species present within the habitat.

Main Curriculum Area: Science
Other Curriculum Area: Social Studies
Other Curriculum Area: Health Education

Grade Level: 2

Primary Goals and Objectives:
These objectives will be covered during all Biology Program classes. Some objectives are more specific to one habitat than another, so if your schedule does not allow you to take all offered classes, or if there are particular objectives that you want to make sure we cover, please let us know what your specific needs are.

Essential Standard 2.L.1

Understand animal life cycles.

Clarifying Objectives
2.L.1.1 Summarize the life cycle of animals: • Birth • Developing into an adult • Reproducing • Aging and death

2.L.1.2 Compare life cycles of different animals such as, but not limited to, mealworms, ladybugs, crickets, guppies or frogs.

Essential Standards
Understand the effects of humans interacting with their environment.

Clarifying Objectives

2.G.1.1 Give examples of ways in which people depend on the physical environment and natural resources to meet basic needs.

2.G.1.2 Explain how people positively and negatively affect the environment.

Social Studies: Civics and Government

Essential Standards2.C&G.2

Understand the roles and responsibilities of citizens.

Clarifying Objectives

2.C&G.2.1 Exemplify characteristics of good citizenship through historical figures and everyday citizens.

2.C&G.2.2 Explain why it is important for citizens to participate in their community

Essential Standards2.C.2

Understand how various cultures influence communities.

Clarifying Objectives

2.C.2.1 Explain how artistic expressions of diverse cultures contribute to the community (stories, art, music, food, etc.).

2.C.2.2 Recognize the key historical figures and events that are associated with various cultural traditions.

2.C.2.3 Exemplify respect and appropriate social skills needed for working with diverse groups.

Health Education
Essential Standard 2.MEH.1 Understand the relationship among healthy expression of emotions, mental health, and healthy behavior.

Clarifying Objectives
Identify appropriate standards for behavior.

2.MEH.1.2 Summarize behaviors that help to avoid risks.

2.MEH.1.3 Explain the influence of peers, the media, and the family on feelings and emotions.

2.MEH.1.4 Explain the influence on self-concept on performance and vice versa.

2.MEH.1.5 Summarize the potential negative effects of stress on the body and mind.

Essential Standard 2.ICR.1 Understand healthy and effective interpersonal communication and relationships.

Clarifying Objectives
Classify behaviors as helpful or hurtful to friendships.

2.ICR.1.2 Interpret the feelings of others and how to respond when angry or sad.

2.ICR.1.3 Explain why it is wrong to tease others.

2.ICR.1.4 Recognize bullying behaviors and what to do if someone is bullied.

2.ICR.1.5 Exemplify how to communicate with others with kindness and respect.

Essential Standard 2.MS.1 Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

Clarifying Objectives
Execute combinations of locomotor skills in different pathways, levels, or directions.

PE.2.MS.1.2 Execute a variety of manipulative skills while maintaining good balance and follow-through

PE.2.MS.1.3 Generate smooth and timely transitions between sequential locomotor skills.

PE.2.MS.1.4 Apply non-locomotor movements with locomotor patterns and levels in a variety of movement sequences.

Essential Standard 2.MC.2 Understand concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics that apply to the learning and performance of movement.

Clarifying Objectives
Use equipment to illustrate multiple movement concepts.

PE.2.MC.2.2 Compare three or more of the essential elements of correct form for the five fundamental manipulative skills.

PE.2.MC.2.3 Explain the value of feedback in improving motor performance.

PE.2.MC.2.4 Illustrate activities that are associated with three or more of the five components of health-related fitness.

Essential Standard 2.HF.3 Understand the importance of achieving and maintaining a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Clarifying Objectives
PE.2.HF.3.2 Identify enjoyable and challenging physical activities that one can do for increasing periods of time without stopping.

Essential Standard 2.PR.4 Use behavioral strategies that are responsible and enhance respect of self and others and value activity.

Clarifying Objectives
Explain the value of working cooperatively in group settings.

PE.2.PR.4.2 Summarize the benefits of positive social interaction to make activities more enjoyable.

PE.2.PR.4.3 Use safe practices when engaging in physical education activities with little or no prompting.

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